Why do women ovulate

Ovulation is a part or a process that takes place during the menstruation period in a female. The process involves the release of the oocyte or the ovum from the mature ovarian follicle through the stigma, which, actually is a hole in the follicle that develops through cumulous expansion during the pre-ovulatory period that is initiated by the action of the two pituitary secretions called Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH). This is the reason why the level of LH and FSH are found to be at a peak level in a woman’s body during the ovulation process. The hypothalamus along with the pituitary gland controls the whole process of ovulation within the menstrual cycle.

Although it is the fourteenth day which is known to be the ideal day for ovulation since the normal menstrual cycle consists of twenty eight days, it may vary from individual to individual, depending on a number of factors. The Ovulation process ends once the ovum is released and it starts to move towards the uterus through the fallopian tubes after its release from the mature follicle and thus begins the post-ovulatory period. Now, a fertile phase is indeed created within the female body during the ovulation stage thus increasing the chances of pregnancy, but it is hard to tell the exact day of the process without the necessary medical tests.

A woman usually experiences “concealed ovulation”, which means that unlike certain other mammals, the signs of ovulation may only be understandable by the woman concerned. A very common change that takes place during ovulation is the over-sensitiveness of the olfactory sense. Other changes include difference in the cervix mucous and the cervix itself, significant increase in the body temperature and even increased interest in sexual desires.

Ovulation is the most important stage of fertilization and thus it occurs in women in order to induce procreation. Getting involved in sexual activity during or even near to the ovulation process increases the chance of impregnation greatly and thus it is no wonder that contraceptive pills and other hormonal contraceptives are largely centered on this stage.